proposes to set up international consortium for preservation of glaciers
17, 2009, Victoria Naumova
In a statement
delivered at the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, President Emomali
Rahmon noted on December 16 that he supports the fundamentals of new
climate change agreement and offered to set up international consortium for
preservation of glaciers, according to presidential press service.
scientifically proved that our planet's climate is changing not the first time.
However, the current climate change is due, mainly, caused by the individual
and is fraught with serious negative consequences for all countries and for
every individual around the globe.
Tajikistan because of difficult geographic conditions is becoming more
vulnerable to ongoing climate changes, the average annual temperature has
increased to 1оC over the past 60 years and a number of days with heavy
rainfall have become more often.
In the last 20
years alone, the country has suffered four severe drought years.
According to available estimation, the drought of 2000 - 2001 which covered the
whole of Central Asia was the most severe over the past decades. The region was
experiencing an acute shortage of water due to which hundreds of thousands of
hectares of irrigated land became useless. On the other hand, the winter
in 2007 – 2008 was one of the most rigorous winters in the history of the
country to date.
number of persistent days (26) with an average temperature below -12°С
was observed in the valleys of Tajikistan for the first time. As a result of abnormal weather in the
spring of 2009, natural disasters have embraced more than 40 areas of the
country. The damage caused by natural disasters was estimated at more than 100
million U.S. dollars.
phenomena, in turn, lead to severe negative consequences that affect the living
standards and significantly reduce capability and potential of the country in
achieving sustainable development. And to our deepest regret, sometimes people
lose their lives.
However, the key
factor of these processes is undoubtedly the intensive melting of snowfields
and glaciers. Over the past decades, the glaciers of Tajikistan have dwindled by 1/3. It should be noted that along with the
impact of climate change on the active melting of glaciers, desiccation of the Aral Sea has influenced this
process to some extent as well. Every year thousands of tons of dust and
salt blown up by the wind from the bottom of the dry Aral Sea into the atmosphere
and are diffused to vast areas.
According to the
estimations of experts, some part of salts settles on the glaciers of the Pamir
and Tien Shan, facilitating their
Rahmon noted that according to expert
estimates, a 2- to 3-degree rise in a temperature will intensify glacier
melting process that will lead to decrease in river flow. In combination
with decreasing precipitation and increasing water consumption it may cause
tension in the region in medium-term and long-term perspective, he said.
Tajikistan fully supports the terms of a new climate agreement, which includes
restricting and reducing consumption of fossil (carbon) fuel, increased use of
renewable sources of energy, reforestation and improvement of land
management. Along with this, we believe that the year of comparison, as
stated in the recommendations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC) should be 1990. The transfer of technology, providing cost savings
and rational spending of available natural resources is another vector of our
efforts. Technology transfer also contributes to the achievement of development
goals and objectives while reducing human influence on climate.
Tajikistan is among the countries with the lowest impact on the global
warming. Tajikistan stands 150th among 200 countries in the world for carbon dioxide
emissions. It stands the last in Central
Asia in the rate and its share in the
regional value of emission amounts less than 5%. This is explained mainly
by the use of hydropower resources, that provides clean and ecologically safe
energy. The hydropower plants generate more than 95% of the power in the
country which, unlike thermal power plants are not sources of harmful emissions.