Question of Central Asia's
power grid could become second "water problem": expert
15, 2009, V.Zhavoronkova
There is a risk
that a power grid of the Central Asia established in Soviet times would be another serious problem in the
region, which is close in meaning to the water, Russian expert on the Central
Asia Arkadiy Dubnov
executives of Kazakh national company for management of electric networks (KEGOC)
told reporters that Uzbekistan has notified the neighboring countries it will leave the parallel
work on Central Asia's power systems from Oct.15.
followed by the State Joint Stock Company Uzbekenergo's
statement on lack of the country's intention to leave the Central Asia's power system
of the Uzbek energy company said that the Uzbek side has notified the relevant
authorities in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan on its plans to discuss changes of terms on the electricity transit
to Kyrgyzstan through Uzbekistan.
"We want to
introduce a fee for electricity transit to Kyrgyzstan once considered as overflows and was free," the representative
of Uzbekenergo said.
"There is a risk that this problem will be another major 'headache'
for the region, besides difficult water problem between
"bottom" and "top" neighbors in stream of the water
arteries of the Amu Darya
and Sir Darya basin," international columnist of
the "Vremya Novostey"
newspaper Dubnov told Trend News via e-mail.
Water problem is
that the two main aquifers in the region Sir Darya
and Amu Darya flow through
Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, where they lose much of the water before reaching to
Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
Lack of water
affects the "bottom" countries.
The expert said
that there is an issue whether united energy system of Central Asia created during
Soviet time will be able to exist if Tashkent leaves it.
other hand, every cloud has a silver lining, Tashkent's
conditions forced Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the consolidation and adoption of urgent measures on energy
security," Dubnov added.
Bishkek visit and talks with his Kyrgyz counterpart Igor Chudinov,
Kazakh Prime Minister Karim Masimov
was able to agree on the power system interconnection between the two countries
to work in parallel in the coming autumn-winter season.
Furthermore, Kazakhstan guaranteed supply of coal and fuel oil to ensure the stable
operation of thermal power station in Bishkek, which is one of the major power
generating units of the country, Dubnov said.
Kazakhstan also transferred $25 million to Kyrgyzstan as prepayment for future delivery of electricity from the
the demarche of Uzbekistan is not so much economic as political in nature," Dubnov said. "Tashkent is
apparently eager to demonstrate it is ready to respond adequately "to the
Kyrgyz plans to build a cascade of Kambarat
hydroelectric power station, which, according to Uzbekistan, threatens its interests."
It is possible
to detect similarities between the "energy wars" between the
countries of the Central Asia and the recent gas war between Russia
and Ukraine, Dubnov believes.
in contrast to "wars "in the European part of Eurasia, the Asian energy wars
actually endanger human life," Dubnov said.